Diego Rivera honed his craft learning from
many different people and colleagues and also
established close friendships with several artists.
He took with him aspects from each person he
encountered to improve and perfect his work.
Here you will meet several of those people whom
Rivera met, collaborated, and learned from.
- Born February 2, 1852
- Was working for El Jicote, a newspaper,
doing political cartoons
- Owned a printing shop near San Carlos Academy
where Rivera often stopped in to admire his
- Rivera claimed he was his first teacher
- His engravings and etchings were filled
with Calaveras, drawings of skeletons, which
he used as a metaphor for a corrupted society.
- Because of such controversial drawings,
he was thrown in jail on numerous occasions.
On one such occasion, he met Jose Orozco,
- Posada was an artist who best interpreted
the life and social conditions of the Mexican
- Died January 20, 1913. Buried in the Dolores
Cemetery in a sixth class grave (lowest category).
No one claimed his remains and after seven
years, they were thrown out.
Jose Clemente Orozco:
- Born November 23, 1883
- After seeing Jose Posada’s engravings,
he was inspired himself to do art as a career.
- Critics said that no artist of his time
depicted human conditions with more passion
- In 1930, he co-created the Labor Union
of Technical Workers, Painters, and Sculptors,
with Rivera and David Siqueiros.
- He lived in the United States between 1927
and 1934. His pictures at the time comprised
of two themes: the Mexican Revolution and
the mechanization and dehumanization of a
- Along with Rivera and Siqueiros, he formed
the Commission of Mural Painting in 1947.
- Orozco was also involved in political affairs.
His last public political act came in June
of 1948. He joined Rivera, Frida Kahlo, Siqueiros,
and others on the Del Prado Hotel. The purpose
of the march was to restore the words “does
not exist” to a mural by Rivera, which
originally read “God does not exist”.
- He died September 7, 1949 and is buried
in the Rotunda of Illustrious Men in Mexico
- Born December 29, 1896
- Considered an artistic master of the 20th
- Heavily involved in political activism
- Started a weekly called El Machete with
Rivera and Javier Guerrero in 1924.
- Was co-creator of the Labor Union of Technical
Workers, Painters, and Sculptors, with Rivera
and Orozco in 1930.
- He was often in jail and was expelled from
Mexico in 1932 and returned two years later
by President Cárdenas.
- Siqueiros led an assassination attempt
on Leon Trotsky in 1940, but the attempt failed.
- Formed the Commission of Mural Painting
with Rivera and Orozco.
- He was again jailed in 1959 until 1964
- He was awarded the Lenin Peace Prize in
- Died January 6, 1974
- Born in 1885, in Philadelphia
- He was a sculptor, graphic artist, painter,
- Served two years in World War
- Went to Mexico to take part in the Mexican
- Encouraged his friend Franklin Roosevelt
to initiate the Federal Art Project, which
employed artists. This later became known
as the WPA.
- Wrote an autobiography called “An
American Artist’s Story”
- Known for his landscapes, soldiers, cities,
nudes, clowns and still lifes.
- Died in 1973.
- Born March 1, 1904 as Paul O’Higgins.
- Began studying art in 1922 at the San Diego
- He was in Mexico from 1924 to 1928, at
Rivera’s invitation, who admired his
- Joined the Mexican Communist Party soon
- Took part in the Mexican Muralist Movement.
- Died in Mexico City while working on a
mural for the University of Colima, in 1983.
- Born November 17, 1904 in Los Angeles, but
spent his childhood in Japan.
- Combined materials such as stone, wood,
and marble and experimented with new materials.
- A turning point in his career came in 1926
at a sculpture exhibition of Constantin Brancusi.
He became Brancusi’s assistant in Paris.
- Took part in the Mexican Muralist Movement
- In 1988, he completed plans to turn a 450
acre dump site into a new park in Sapporo,
Japan. The park will be completed in 2004.
- He died December 12, 1988, in New York.